Courier: What does courier mean?

Optimize your shipping criteria with this descriptive guide. Courier is the physical movement of an item from one point to another, such as moving an item from a warehouse to a customer. The shipping process follows the manufacture and packaging of the goods and will be controlled by the transport or logistics company. 

When to start an e-commerce business You can cut costs by handling shipping yourself; however, as your business grows, you will no longer be able to handle the courier of your goods yourself. In this case, you will be hiring a transport and logistics company.

Courier can take several forms depending on the distance traveled and the required delivery speed. The most economical courier method is ground delivery, although this is also the slowest form. During peak holiday periods, discounted basic shipping may take up to 10 days or longer. Airfreight will be used for fast delivery, but it is also more expensive. In the case of international shipments, the freight can be shipped by sea, and while it is very cost-effective, it is also very slow, in some cases taking up to 6 weeks or longer. While air freight bypasses this, international air freight can also be very expensive.

Shipping costs also tend to decline as volumes increase. While one package can cost $ 5, you can see a huge discount if you send 100 packages. Companies like Amazon can provide free shipping to select customers due to the huge shipping volumes and discounts they receive. Ecommerce retailers always need to consider shipping costs and how they will be included in the price or passed on to customers.

By definition, shipping is the literary physical movement of goods from one point to another, such as moving goods from a warehouse to a customer.

To understand how courier works we need to think over the logistics strategy that the manufacturer uses to get the product to the end consumer.

For this to take effect, the shipper needs to work with a shipping company that has cost-effective shipping rates and the ability to meet the scheduled delivery date.

Courier works in many dimensions

This is not limited to large businesses that transport freight containers. While this may be the primary frame of reference, a different definition of delivery may also apply to e-commerce transactions.

If, for example, you run a dropshipping site and you receive an order, the next step is to contact your supplier, who will then ship the item from their warehouse to your customer’s shipping address. In this context, we can define the entire process as a courier.

An effective shipping strategy is important to your business as you need to fulfill customer orders on time, build your brand reputation, and increase your repeat business.

International shipping process explained

In particular, the tremendous growth of e-commerce has led to the emergence of a variety of courier options that are designed to work in a variety of businesses.

But before we dive into some of the technicalities, let’s take a look at how the normal shipping method works around the world.

Most of the time, there are quite a few players involved in the international shipping process. If your shipments are bulky and need to be transported in a container, you need to work with a shipping line, a freight forwarding company, and customs brokers.

In any case, when you are in urgent need of goods or perhaps they are perishable goods, you may need to consult with the shipping company that offers air freight services. The transport company eliminates all difficulties for the owner of the cargo by filling out the following necessary documents:


A commercial invoice is always issued by the seller who ships the goods. For export shipments, the document helps to serve a range of priorities.

First, the destination country must validate the data on the invoice before the goods are released from the customs department. It works as a supporting document in the event of an insurance claim.

The buyer also needs a commercial invoice to send money to the seller. The banking institution also checks the document before issuing a letter of credit.

Insurance certificate

This document is a policy that covers any damage and holds the shipping company and freight forwarder from any possible liability. Your cargo insurance certificate indicates the value of the goods and the proper procedure in case of an emergency.


A bill of lading is a legal document that briefly describes the goods being transported by the shipper. B / L or otherwise referred to as the main bill of lading acts like a receipt of shipment as it indicates the nature, quantity and destination of the goods.

It is common practice for the shipping line to issue this document to the freight forwarding company, which then uses it to transfer the goods to the destination warehouse.

Other relevant documents that may apply include the forwarder’s receipt of the goods, sea waybill, and home bill of lading.